Sa Giunchera is located on the island of S. Antioco (Sardinian isula 'and Santu Antiogu, in Tabarchino uiza de Sant'Antióccu)
is located in the extreme southwest of Sardinia and linked to it by a bridge and an artificial isthmus.
Coordinates 39 ° 00'00 "N 8 ° 23'00"
Island Area 108.9 km ²
Max Elevation 271 m s. l.m.
The island's main town is Sant Antioco (country of 11,000 inhabitants).
The island is largely of volcanic origin; it's ancient volcanism and now inactive for at least 15-20 million years.
The coast is mostly rocky.
In the west (offshore), the coast is characterized by vertical walls or very steep with cliffs, interspersed with some caves and coves, with few but large beaches.
The east coast overlooking the overlooking Sardinia rather low and sandy coast that the point of the isthmus that connects to Sardinia itself, is gradually to assume a lagoon. The southern gulf, south of the isthmus, contains huge sandy beaches bordered by dunes and bobbins.
The island is geographically divided into two areas, the southern part is administered by the municipality of Sant 'Antioco, the northern part of the town of Calasetta.
The interior of the island is hilly with altitudes limited free streams survey.
Off to the south, there are some rocky islets are uninhabited and difficult to access, the largest of which is the island of Toro.
The main form of vegetation is the typical Mediterranean vegetation consists of low rock rose (Cistus), mastic (Pistacia lentiscus), strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo) and juniper (Juniperus). Among the forms of plant life on the island are also the dwarf palm (Chamaerops humilis), the only European species spontaneous, and the date of Crete (Phoenix theophrasti).
The island is dotted areas sheltered from small family-run orchards and vineyards, especially in the most protected (eastern); the most widely cultivated fruit am the vine (Vitis vinifera) with different varieties, fig and prickly pear.
There are some rare endemic plants on time.
The climate is described as Mediterranean heat.
Winters are cool, wet and sometimes windy; the prevailing wind is the mistral, followed by the sirocco.
The summer is hot and dry, the maximum temperatures are, however, strongly moderated by the marine climate, windy and cool. While in winter the vegetation that covers the entire island is rich, lush and flowery, summer is almost non-existent and is limited to a ubiquitous evergreen Mediterranean vegetation
that in the more sheltered assume arboreal, especially in Holm oak and juniper.
The summer rainfall is negligible.
To see ....
Equipped with great beaches relatively uncrowded even during peak season, has depths of interest for underwater activities, it is suitable for deep sea fishing in the periods spring - autumn.
During the period 15 May to 15 June, to step outside of the tuna along the coasts of the islands of S. Antioco and San Pietro, is made the 'descent of the trap' that is, the traditional collective enterprise of fishing for bluefin tuna (bluefin). The ponds and lagoons enclosed between the island and Sardinia represent a wetland of great wildlife interest: pink flamingo, cormorants, egrets, gulls and other species of birds cquatici.
On the high cliffs of the western coast external (offshore) nests 'hawk of the Queen' which migrates in autumn in Madagascar, Africa.
Interestingly, the local food and wine with meals, land and sea, characteristic; closely in the southern part of Sardinia, in the northern part strictly Liguria.
Of importance is the production of quality wines, produced from grapes of particular origin, such as the 'Carignan', of Catalan origin.
The name of 'Sant' Antioco 'comes from the fact that, in the first century after Christ, the Christian religion was brought to this saint, from the Middle East.
There is now restored, one of the first Christian churches in the Mediterranean, assumed the role of a minor basilica, with the catacombs of S. Antioco.
It is one of the few places in the world where it is done spinning and weaving of fine linen, fiber derived from shellfish called 'pinna nobilis' present in the lagoons local sandy bottom.