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Parts of this ancient Italian government building date back to the early 14th century, having been the seat of the priori or first citizens. It has been used for a variety of other civic purposes throughout history and now stands as one of Perugia's most historic landmarks. It is especially well-known for its roof crenellations (the serrated stonework typical of a medieval castle-tower) which were put in place for symbolic rather than practical purposes to represent Perugia's independence.
Address: Corso Vannucci, 19, 06100 Perugia, Italy.
Phone: +39 075 573 6458.
Also called simply Perugia Cathedral, this is the primary church building in the city. Not to be confused with the other Cathedral of San Lorenzo in the northwestern city of Genoa, it is famous for its extraordinary and intricate marble stonework. It has contained many religious relics and priceless works of art over the years.
Perhaps most famous internationally as the birthplace of St. Francis of Assisi, namesake of the current Roman Catholic Pope, Assisi is the object of many pilgrims and historical tourists. In Assisi the traveller can discover historic buildings including, of course, a Franciscan monastery. UNESCO designated the Franciscan buildings a World Heritage Site in the year 2000.
This 14th-century cathedral was under construction for nearly three centuries and contains magnificent examples of art and craftsmanship, such as frescoes by some of the most well-known Italian artists of the period. It's a huge building with nearly every inch of the interior decorated with intricate art.
Address: Piazza Duomo, 05018 Orvieto, Italy.
Phone: +39 076 334 2477.
Situated between Umbria and the Marche (the region to Umbria's East), these limestone mountains form part of the Parco Nazionale dei Monti Sibillini and are dominated by pocket valleys, beech stands, and ancient pastoral meadows. They also contain some of the highest peaks in the Apennines and afford many a breathtaking view.
This ancient town shows evidence of human settlement dating back well into the Neolithic. The walls surrounding it date back to the 14th century, having survived a series of earthquakes. Norcia also boasts a great many historic buildings, such as the Monastery of St. Benedict and the Castellina, a medieval governors' residence that is now a museum.
Nestled into the lower slope of Mt. Ingino in the aforementioned Sibillini Mountains, this is another town with ancient origins, having a recorded history stretching back into the pre-Roman era. It has its Roman influences as well, of course, including the second-largest theatre still standing today, along with a number of magnificent medieval churches and cathedrals. It is also famous for its palaces and museums, boasting a rich history as an important center of trade, military, and government.
Built in the 14th-century, this fortress was famous in its time for its size and magnificence, and famous in history for having been torn down by a revolt just three years after its construction. The great substructure remains, however, and some of its walls can still be seen abutting the streets above ground.
Address: Piazza Italia, old town centre, Perugia.
Phone: +39 075 572 8440.
This is one of the oldest gates in the Perugian walls, dating back to the 3rd-century and popular with photographers for its intricately-carved construction. Made from fine marble, it incorporates five detailed sculptures into its ancient craftsmanship.
Address: Viale Indipendenza, Perugia, Italy.
Located inside the Basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli, this relatively humble edifice was the birthplace of the Franciscan movement. It was given to St. Francis in 1208 while in very poor condition, and he is said to have restored it himself. Though still tiny, it has been extensively decorated on the inside by artists ranging over a period of centuries. It is still a very popular destination for pilgrimages.
Address: Piazza Garibaldi, 06081 Santa Maria degli Angeli, Assisi, Perugia, Italy.
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