2014 Open Championship: history
As mentioned, no other professional golf tournament outdates the Open. The inaugural event took place in 1860 at the famous Prestwick golf course in Ayrshire, Scotland, with Willie Park Sr holding off just seven rivals to clinch the title. Amateurs were welcomed into proceedings the following year. This is the format that has remained until this day, albeit with the total number of competitors significantly increased to 156. The famed Claret Jug was first awarded to the winner in 1873, with the event officially assigned as part of the PGA Tour schedule in 1995.