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Crete is the largest of the Greek islands and has a very distinct identity. People are proud to call themselves Cretan first, and Greek second. For the visitor this means an experience you will find nowhere else in the Greek islands. The sheer size of the place - 160 miles from east to west and 37 miles wide at its widest point - means that it's an island given to exploring, and you'll have to give some thought to where you want to be based, depending on your interests.
Crete is like a small country, and has a wide range of attractions. If you like hiking then there's the Samarian Gorge, one of the longest in Europe, as well as other gorges and mountain hikes. There are numerous archaeological sites, of which Knossos is the best-known, and the island is ringed with gorgeous sandy beaches. The Cretan Diet is one of the healthiest in the world - and one of the tastiest - and you can sample it at its best in pretty harbour towns like Chania and Rethymnon, as well as in the capital, Iraklion. Add in a fascinating modern history too, and the result is a Mediterranean island not to be missed.
Mike Gerrard's introduction to the cultural side of Crete
The original palace at Knossos was the heart of the Minoan civilisation, with over 1,200 rooms when it was built in about 1900BC. Some of these rooms have been recreated to give a hint of the splendour of the royal court that existed here, with over 100,000 people living at Knossos at its height. It was a palace that was doomed, however. Destroyed by an earthquake in about 1600BC, it was rebuilt 50 years later only to disappear again, possibly under a tidal wave from the volcanic eruption on Santorini. It's justifiably the most popular visitor attraction on Crete.
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The Minoan palace at Phaistos is southern Crete's equivalent of Knossos – though usually much less crowded. The ruins are in a splendid setting on a hill overlooking the surrounding Messara Plain, showing why the site was chosen. There are some remains from the original 1900BC Old Palace, destroyed by earthquake in about 1700BC, but more from the replacement New Palace, in use till the Minoan civilisation came to an end in 1450BC. The most famous discovery here was the Phaistos Disc. Baked in clay it shows a spiral of pictograms which have never been fully explained.
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Known – if not renowned – today as a beach resort with rowdy nightlife, the small north-coast town of Malia is also home to another of Crete's great Minoan palaces. It shares a history of being built in 1950BC, destroyed in a 1700BC earthquake, rebuilt 50 years later and then destroyed for good in 1450BC. In a lovely setting right by the sea, it's pleasant to stroll among the remains and visualise what the palace was like. Work on the site is ongoing, and it's known that it was far more extensive than what has so far been uncovered.
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Heraklion Archaeological Museum
The most important museum on Crete is in the capital, Iraklion, and naturally contains the best finds made at the many archaeological sites on the island. These include the surprisingly small Phaistos Disc, and extensive collections of finds from Knossos and Malia. It's the most important museum in the world for Minoan art but its collections range from Neolithic times in about 5000BC till the Roman period of the 4th century AD. The highlights are on display in a temporary exhibition while the main building is undergoing extensive renovations.
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Crete has a rich history that goes way beyond the ancient archaeological sites. There are a number of important monasteries, of which the most significant is the Arkadi Monastery, built in 1587. The monks took part in a failed 1821 uprising against the Turks, but it was a stronghold again for the 1866 Cretan Rebellion which began a three-year war against Turkish rule. Several hundred people died here in an explosion when the Turks burst through the gates in pursuit of resistance fighters, but their sacrifice was the beginning of Cretan freedom. It is a powerfully moving place.
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Heraklion Archaeological Museum by Shadowgate
Arkadi Monastery by Robert Young
Holiday Rentals in Crete
Santorini Beach Villa
Spoil yourself in 2500 square meters of pure luxury...
Santorini Beach Villa is one of the finest beachfront villas on the island. Newly renovated, it sets new standards of luxury and style! Located in Agia Paraskevi Beach,...
Andreas beach villa is a fully air conditioned 2 bedroom villa with a private pool, fantastic sea views and just 150m (a very short walk) to a quiet sandy beach and taverna.
Ground floor: open plan sitting room and dining/kitchen, bathroo...
Villa Eva is a newly built villa situated on the outskirts of the village of Kefalas. The construction of the villa successfully combines charming traditional Cretan features, with very modern comfort. Sleeping up to 8 people, the villa provides p...
Villa Nikolas is set in a peaceful location just five hundred metres from the village of Kefalas, offering magnificent views of the surrounding countryside and dramatic White Mountains.
The villa is a wonderful blend of charming traditional featu...
Villa Nineta, is set close to the beach yet in a very peaceful setting, set within a large olive grove just outside of the village of Tavronitis.The villa offers complete privacy and has two pools, one inside and one outside.
The ground floor has...
Villa Melina is a new stylish villa, with private pool, and sleeping up to 10 people. Located close to the village of Tavronitis and just a short walk to the beach and tavernas.The villa is set in private grounds and offers exceptional privacy. On...
Villa Tzina, is located in a very peaceful setting, set within an olive grove just outside of the village of Tavronitis, and close to the beach. The villa has wonderful night lighting so you can make the most of the villa day and night.
Villa Ikaros, a delightfully private four-bedroomed villa with private pool, is located on the edge of the traditional village of Gerani where local life focuses around the traditional Kafenions and Tavernas. The villa offers a secluded and privat...
Luxury 2 bedroom villa with shared floodlit pool, within a gated site ideal for a relaxing, restful holiday. Villa has sea and/or mountain views from 3 balconies. The ground floor offers kitchen/dining area, with secluded patio and garden for atm...
House Potami, Vori, South Crete (Messara bay)
Living area with kitchen, terrace, large bedroom, balcony and bathroom with shower.
The stone house Potami is an old kafenion, but completely renovated a few years ago and rebuilt as a holidaz hous...