Crete's Cultural Highlights

A treasure trove of archaeological sites, monasteries and museums.

Add This

Mike Gerard

Mike Gerard
HomeAway travel expert


The Monastery of Agia Triada in Crete, GreeceCrete is the largest of the Greek islands and has a very distinct identity. People are proud to call themselves Cretan first, and Greek second. For the visitor this means an experience you will find nowhere else in the Greek islands. The sheer size of the place - 160 miles from east to west and 37 miles wide at its widest point - means that it's an island given to exploring, and you'll have to give some thought to where you want to be based, depending on your interests.

Crete is like a small country, and has a wide range of attractions. If you like hiking then there's the Samarian Gorge, one of the longest in Europe, as well as other gorges and mountain hikes. There are numerous archaeological sites, of which Knossos is the best-known, and the island is ringed with gorgeous sandy beaches. The Cretan Diet is one of the healthiest in the world - and one of the tastiest - and you can sample it at its best in pretty harbour towns like Chania and Rethymnon, as well as in the capital, Iraklion. Add in a fascinating modern history too, and the result is a Mediterranean island not to be missed.

 

Mike Gerrard's introduction to the cultural side of Crete


   

Knossos Knossos

The original palace at Knossos was the heart of the Minoan civilisation, with over 1,200 rooms when it was built in about 1900BC. Some of these rooms have been recreated to give a hint of the splendour of the royal court that existed here, with over 100,000 people living at Knossos at its height. It was a palace that was doomed, however. Destroyed by an earthquake in about 1600BC, it was rebuilt 50 years later only to disappear again, possibly under a tidal wave from the volcanic eruption on Santorini. It's justifiably the most popular visitor attraction on Crete.

View holiday rentals close to Archanes

 
   
 

   

Phaistos Phaistos

The Minoan palace at Phaistos is southern Crete's equivalent of Knossos – though usually much less crowded. The ruins are in a splendid setting on a hill overlooking the surrounding Messara Plain, showing why the site was chosen. There are some remains from the original 1900BC Old Palace, destroyed by earthquake in about 1700BC, but more from the replacement New Palace, in use till the Minoan civilisation came to an end in 1450BC. The most famous discovery here was the Phaistos Disc. Baked in clay it shows a spiral of pictograms which have never been fully explained.

View holiday homes in Kalamaki

 
   
 

   

Malian Palace Malian Palace

Known – if not renowned – today as a beach resort with rowdy nightlife, the small north-coast town of Malia is also home to another of Crete's great Minoan palaces. It shares a history of being built in 1950BC, destroyed in a 1700BC earthquake, rebuilt 50 years later and then destroyed for good in 1450BC. In a lovely setting right by the sea, it's pleasant to stroll among the remains and visualise what the palace was like. Work on the site is ongoing, and it's known that it was far more extensive than what has so far been uncovered.

View holiday lets in Hersonissos

 
   
 

   

Heraklion Archaeological Museum Heraklion Archaeological Museum

The most important museum on Crete is in the capital, Iraklion, and naturally contains the best finds made at the many archaeological sites on the island. These include the surprisingly small Phaistos Disc, and extensive collections of finds from Knossos and Malia. It's the most important museum in the world for Minoan art but its collections range from Neolithic times in about 5000BC till the Roman period of the 4th century AD. The highlights are on display in a temporary exhibition while the main building is undergoing extensive renovations.

View holiday lettings in Heraklion

 
   
 

   

Arkadi Monastery Arkadi Monastery

Crete has a rich history that goes way beyond the ancient archaeological sites. There are a number of important monasteries, of which the most significant is the Arkadi Monastery, built in 1587. The monks took part in a failed 1821 uprising against the Turks, but it was a stronghold again for the 1866 Cretan Rebellion which began a three-year war against Turkish rule. Several hundred people died here in an explosion when the Turks burst through the gates in pursuit of resistance fighters, but their sacrifice was the beginning of Cretan freedom. It is a powerfully moving place.

View lettings in Panormo

 
   
 

Images
Heraklion Archaeological Museum by Shadowgate
Arkadi Monastery by Robert Young

Holiday Rentals in Crete

Studio apartment

Set right next to the sea with 2km quiet beach, spacious self-catering studio-apartment sleeping 2-3, for summer holiday rental. Set in luxurious gardens of mature Oleander and Hibiscus bushes. Light and airy, marble flooring throughout, shower r...

Charming House with 1000 m2 garden, private pool and excellent view - Perama, Rethymnon - interior change in September 2013, see pictures

Luxurious villa, with sea view from elevated position in a quiet location, offering privacy, yet convenient for beaches on the northern coast of Crete. Entrance to the villa is via wrought iron gates with pathway leading up to large terrace and fr...

Three spacy 1 studio cottages, seaview, directly on the beach

50 ft. from the waterline lies this exceptional small flock of three separated cottages on a beautiful and safe plot of fenced land. A few steps bring you from your cottage directly down to the sea which is not more than 50 feet away from your te...

Village Apartments with stunning sea view of Plakias

The Village Apartments is a modern complex consisting of one and two bedroom apartments and is situated in the beautiful traditional mountain village of Mirthios. One can stroll through the narrow paved side streets and see the traditionally bui...

** Relaxing holiday apartment with sea views **

1 Bedroom apartment, sleeps 3. 250m to beach, 2km from pretty fishing village of Makryiaglos, S. East Crete. Balcony at rear with seating area, table & chairs. Lots of fitted wardrobe space. Apartment has air conditioning, dishwasher, TV, DVD, fri...

Amazing View, Quiet And Peaceful Environment, Bbq, Private Pool-Jaccuzi

Villa Stella is located in an ideal position, at the top of a hill planted with olive trees and imposing mountains, (the most famous is Psiloritis). Villa Stella stands 7km from the nearest beach, 24 km from the city of Rethymnon and 70km from th...

Luxury villa with private swimming pool and barbeque.

[Register number of tourist businesses (MH.T.E.): 1041K112K0314700] Villa Balsam is a 172 sq.m. house built in a 850 sq.m. plot near the village Kato Vaslamonero. The villa is suitable for 7-10 persons (4 bedrooms) and has a private pool with deck...

Spacious, Quiet With Private Pool, Bbq, Breathtaking View - Villa Elisabeth

Villa Elisabeth is located on the top of a green hill, where only the chirping of birds can disturb the silence! The villa is 800m away from the village of Perama which is in the middle of the Crete island in the countryside of Rethymnon. The Vill...

Spacious group of houses & apartments, peaceful view of sea and island, parking

Vaia Villa’s houses and apartments are surrounded with flowers, herbs, and natural beauty, and located in a peaceful, clean area with private parking. With a coffee or beer on the shaded front porches, you will enjoy watching the sunrise and sunse...

Beautiful luxurious stone villa, private pools, peaceful, near sea

Just a few minutes from the modern beach resorts of Maleme and Platanias, step back in time as you turn into the meandering lane that leads to the picturesque hamlet of Metochi, with a history dating back to the 1700’s, when Crete was still under ...

MapCroatia Slovakia Russia Finland Greece Greece Cyprus Turkey Albania Bulgaria Montenegro Serbia Bosnia Hercegovina Slovenia Austria Czech Republic Hungary Romania Poland Belarus Lithuania Latvia Estonia Afrika Luxembourg Andorra Monaco Malta Italy Italy Sweden Norway Denmark Germany Netherlands Belgium France Portugal Spanien Gibraltar Switzerland Iceland UK Ireland Channel Islands World USA UK
       

Search for holiday rentals

Search for holiday ideas
 


WIN £10,000 FOR YOUR DREAM HOLIDAY

Sign up to our newsletter

Our latest updates and special offers, direct to your inbox

Advertise with HomeAway

Related Articles


 

Other Categories



Popular Articles